2012 Conference on Health and Humanitarian Logistics

Creating Sustainable Supply Systems for Delivering Humanitarian Assistance


Thomas E. Fernandez

Supply Chains in Humanitarian, Business and Military Logistics

The author looks at three types of organizations, namely Human Relief Organizations (HROs), businesses and military organizations. Furthermore, he looks at the three phases of the disaster situation, namely preparation phase, emergency relief phase and reconstruction phase, and analyzes which type of organsation is most suitable top provide logistics and supply chain services.

The result is that businesses are most suitable to provide warehousing and supply chain services in the preparation phase, because they conduct these services also for other customers and have warehouses at different location in the world. The exception is the World Food Program as an HRO, as due to their large mandate they have the same economy of scale that businesses have.

In the initial part of the emergency phase, military organizations are most suitable, as they have resources available. The exception are businesses with uninterrupted supply chains, as they are already on location.

After the initial part, HROs are most suitable, as their main aim is to alleviate suffering, but they may still outsource individual distribution services to the military, or to businesses. 

Businesses are most suitable in the reconstruction phase.

 

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