Understanding the Drivers and Barriers of Coordination Among Humanitarian Organizations
This paper theoretically investigates the drivers and barriers for horizontal coordination among humanitarian organizations (HOs) during diverse phases of humanitarian operations. Theories and concepts from interorganizational relationships constitute the study’s theoretical foundation. In particular, transaction cost economics, resource based view, social exchange theory and commitment-trust provide the theoretical lens for the horizontal coordination model developed.
The contribution of the study is threefold: first, it frames the discussion on horizontal coordination among HOs. Second, the research reviews the coordination initiatives among HOs as well as the academic research studying the horizontal coordination in humanitarian operations. Third, the research identifies six drivers or barriers of horizontal coordination among HOs and develops propositions that can be tested in future empirical research efforts. From the insight of the represented model, the research finally discusses approaches which can potentially enhance the horizontal coordination in future humanitarian operations.